The Chillicothe Research Station was established in 1905 cooperatively by the USDA and the Texas Agricultural Experiment Station (currently known as Texas AgriLife Research) to test sorghum introductions. It was later designated as Substation No. 12. The farm consists of approximately 252 acres in one tract located in southeastern Hardeman County. Scientists conduct primarily dryland research at Chillicothe although the station has 2 irrigation wells which have the capability to irrigate a significant number of acres.
The early work of J. Roy Quinby and J.C. Stevens evaluating sorghums lead to the development of hybrid grain sorghum at the station. The first commercial scale production of crossing blocks to produce grain sorghum hybrids began on the station in 1956. Significant yield increases resulted. A State of Texas Historical Marker located on F.M. 392 near the station entrance commemorates this accomplishment.
Current research deals with cotton, wheat, and canola. Several scientists and extension specialists have research at Chillicothe. Wheat and triticale breeding lines are tested each year at Chillicothe and compared to released varieties. Cultural practices for control of cotton aphid, conservation tillage studies, and cotton varietal evaluation are also currently underway. Evaluation of canola as an alternative crop is being conducted. Plans are also underway to install 15 acres of subsurface drips irrigation. Research will evaluate tillage systems and water requirements.
One project scientist and 5 support staff are headquartered at the Chillicothe Station. The Chillicothe Research Station is a satellite location of the Texas AgriLife Research and Extension Center at Vernon.
Chillicothe Research Station
1340 FM 392
Chillicothe, TX 79225